On 25 March 1821 Bishop Germanos of Patras hoisted the Greek flag at the monastery of Aghias Lavras in the Peloponnese, an act that marked the beginning of the War of Independence. Hellenes had decided to end the turkish tyranny or to die. Outnumbered 1 to 10 by enemy, they declared LIBERTY or DEATH. Hellenes or Romioi would give an end to the dark years of occupation of their land that started in 1453 after the fall of Constantinople. Dark years,in which Greeks suffered so much and almost were exterminated. The greek population had diminished to one million, after thousands years of existence. During byzantine empire, greeks were estimated to 20 millions.

Heavy taxation, kidnapping of young boys and girls, unjustice, terror were the main characteristics of ottoman occupation. The bigest part of state's revenue came from heavy taxation of christians. Education was forbidden, with exception in area of Constantinople, Smyrne and Ioannina. Orthodox Church kept the greeks from loosing their identity and their language. Monasteries had become hidden schools (Krifa sxoleia). In Europe the Holy Alliance(Metternich) opposed any movement that could bring destabilization in the states. Any previous revolts against the tyrants ended in bloodshed. Chios, Messolonghi, Psara, Cyprus, Crete, Kudonies, Peloponnese and numerous regions were burned to ashes, men killed and women with children were sold to slave-bazaars in Syria and Egypt.

Many greeks fled to Europe. Greek communities flourished in Odissos, Venetia, Vienna, Aghia Petroupolis and other cities in Europe. Also in Greece those who could not stand ottoman tyranny, lived on the mountains, where they remained free. They fought all their life against tyrannts and were called Klephtes and Armatoloi.";

The Struggle for Freedom - Analytically
War of Independence - with Flash
Greek Revolution - Summary
War of Independence - Summary

Images of Revolution in chronological order
Heroes of Greek Revolution

Demetrios Hypsilantes
Lascarina Bubulina
Gregorios Dikaeos - Papaflessas
George Karaiskakis
Theodore Kolokotronis
Markos Botsaris
Athanasios Diakos
Constantine Kanaris
Odysseus Androutsos
Gennaios Kolokotronis
Kitsos Tzavelas
Alexandros Ypsilantis
Kostas Botsaris
Georgakis Olympios
Notis Botsaris
Andreas Miaoulis

Greece cries over the ruins of Mesologhion
Painting of Delaqroix in Louvre