In 1000 B.C. the island was colonized by the Cretans. The islanders evolved into a prosperous community by exploiting the famous Parian marble. They became a great naval power and established several colonies in the Mediterranean Sea. During the persian wars, Paros sided with Persians and fought against Hellenes. After the defeat of Persians, Miltiades, the winner of the Marathon battle, attempted to conquer the island and punish the traitors. Miltiades was defeated, wounded and later died. Athenians managed to conquer the island in 479 B.C. and later Macedonians and king Mithridates of Pontos succesively occupied Paros.

During byzantine period Andros had great development. Many byzantine monuments are still preserved. The greatest of them is the Ekatontapiliani church (the church with 100 gates), which is the best example of Byzantine art in the whole of Cyclades. The church dates to the 6th century. It is said that the 100th gate cannot be found and it will be found when Aghia Sophia will be christian again. In 902, Saracenes plundered Paros.

After 1204, Paros was handed to Venetian Doge Marco Sanudo. In 1537, turks invaded and plundered Paros. One of the most famous pirates Huge Chevalier used the island as hideout. In 1770, Russians used the island as a naval base. During the Greek War of Independence, Paros participated in naval operations, with Manto Mavrogenous, daughter of the Phanariot Nikolaos Mavrogenes, as its leader. In 1830, Paros became part of the independent Greek State.

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