Rhodes was inhabited by Acheans and then in 11th c. B.C. by Dorians.
According to Homer, the island had participated to the Trojan War with nine ships
Tripolemos as its leader. During Persian Wars they sided with Persians against Greeks.
Castle of Ioannites knights
During Byzantine period, Rhodes prospered, but was plundered
by Arab pirates. In 653, Saracenes broke the statue of Colossus into pieces
and sold their parts to a Jewish. It is said that 900 camel were needed to tranfer the pieces.
In 1246 Genova conquered Rhodes and in 1306 the Order of Saint John dominated the island. The knights favoured commerce and protected the arts. Turks tried many attempts to conquer the island and they succeded in 1523, under Suleiman the Magnificent. In 1912 Italians conquered Rhodes and in 1948, after 7 centuries of slavery, Rhodes became greek again.