Sifnos was inhabited by Minoan Cretans and in 1000 B.C. by the Ionians who became rich by the explotation of the gold and silver mines. During persian wars the islanders participated in the naval battle of Salamis and later they became members of the Athenian League. Later, Sifnos was dominated by Macedonians, Ptolemies of Egypt, Romans and later became part of the Greek Empire of Byzantium (Romania).
After the fall of Constantinople in 1204, Siphnus was conquered by the venetian Marco
Sanudo. In 17th century Turks ruled the island and in 1821 Siphnus, actively participated
in the War for Independence. Finally in 1830 became part of the Greek State.