**Leo the Philosopher**

**Leo the Philosopher** or Mathematician, was born in Thessaly ca. 790.
He was extensively educated, travelling through the provinces and
mainly Andros, within whose monasteries he could find rare manuscripts.
Unknown as yet, he reached **Constantinople**, where he became a private teacher.
During the Byzantine-Arabic wars, one of his students was
captured and taken to the Arabic caliphate. The Caliph al-Mamun was
amazed by his mathematical knowledge.
Greeks made many contributions to the study of mathematics including geometry, number theory, mathematical analysis,
and applied mathematics used in modern
science, engineering, and business.
On learning the name of his
teacher, the Caliph sent a delegation to Byzantium and invited Leo
in his caliphate offering him a rich life. Leo answered "I refuse to serve the enemies of my faith" and so
the Byzantine emperor Theophilos offered him a position of tutorship in a school
(ekpaideuterio) of the capital.

In the period 840-843, Leo was
Metropolite of Thessalonike. Afterwards he returned to Constantinople where he was appointed to teach philosophy in the newly founded
School of Magnaura, until his death, sometime after 869. He was a great mathematician,
astrologer and philosopher. He is considered
to have conceived the machinery that used lights in order to warn Constantinople of Arabic raids from Tarsos of Cilicia, to have
created the automata as well as to have written philosophical, philological and literary works (epigrams), not all of which
have survived, however.